Main materials such as steel and cement were shipped to Mersin by sea, and transported further via Tarsus to the construction site on camelback.Before the construction of the actual viaduct began, a temporary viaduct with a narrow gauge railway on it was built over the canyon close to the projected viaduct to bring all the necessary material to the other side.
The building of the viaduct was coupled with the construction of the Ottoman-German project of Istanbul-Baghdad railway line to connect Berlin with Basra, then part of the Ottoman Empire, to enable direct supply of oil to German industry.
The most difficult terrain on the route to overcome was the section at the Taurus Mountains between Konya and Adana, more specifically around the region of Belemedik, where in a distance of 12 km (7.5 mi) 22 tunnels in a row had to be dug in twenty years.
The central portion has three 30 m (98 ft) arches, with spandrel arches over the piers, and is flanked on each side by four arch spans, at one side one of 6 m (20 ft), three of 12 m (39 ft) and at the other side four of 10 m (33 ft).
The viaduct, which spans in north-south direction, is curved having a radius of curvature of 1,200 m (3,900 ft).
Following the completion of the Varda Viaduct, the auxiliary viaduct was taken out of service, however, its pillars are still existing.
The construction began in 1905, and in 1907, the main works were completed. The railway on the viaduct went into service in 1916.The first Ottoman high official to pass over the Varda Viaduct was Minister of War Enver Pasha on February 18, 1917.Shortly before the end of World War I, the bridge was used by retreating German troops.Financed by the German Deutsche Bank, the construction of the viaduct was commissioned to Philipp Holzmann & Cie, a renowned German construction company with experience in the field of major infrastructure works.The design and engineering work was carried out by the German Winkler and the Greek-Ottoman Nicholas Mavrogordato, who became responsible chief engineer after the death of Winkler.Vi sørger altid for at mødes på nye, spændende steder, barer og restauranter.