The name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
This makes it the oldest university in Denmark and one of the oldest in Europe.
Originally controlled by the Catholic Church, the university's role in society was forced to change during the Reformation in Denmark in the late 1530s.
The annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980.
Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world.
The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark.
Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs.
This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts.
After further disasters in the early 19th century when Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture.
The literal English translation would be "Chapman's haven".
Although the earliest historical records of Copenhagen are from the end of the 12th century, recent archaeological finds in connection with work on the city's metropolitan rail system revealed the remains of a large merchant's mansion near today's Kongens Nytorv from c. Excavations in Pilestræde have also led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century.
Defensive ramparts and moats were completed and by 1177 St. Attacks by the Germans continued, and after the original fortress was eventually destroyed by the marauders, islanders replaced it with Copenhagen Castle.